Screening Tests Every Man Should Do

Screening Tests Every Man Should Do

Everyone over the age of 40 needs to undergo certain screening tests regularly. This is a way of finding if you have any early signs of a potentially fatal disease or life changing condition. However, certain conditions/diseases affect only men, or affect them more than they do women. That is why at Germantown medical clinic, we conduct health screenings especially for men. So let’s take a look today at the screening tests men should not put off doing:

  • Prostate cancer: After skin cancer, this is the most common cancer that afflicts American men. While it is generally slow growing, certain aggressive and metastatic types of prostate cancer are also prevalent. Screening can help you stay a step ahead of this deadly disease.
  • Testicular cancer: This cancer which develops in the testicles, is relatively rare; it affects men between the ages of 20 and 54. It is highly recommended that when you go for your routine physical, you ask for a testicular exam. Men with undescended testicles or with family history of testicular cancer should discuss additional screening with their doctors. Self-exams are also advises – feel gently for hard lumps, changes in size or shape of the testicles – basically anything unusual.
  • Colorectal cancer: This cancer is the second highest killer from cancer. They often develop slowly from polyps in the colon’s inner surface. It can spread quickly to other parts of the body, making it very dangerous.
  • Skin Cancer: There are many types of skin cancer, but the most dangerous of all is melanoma; it begins in special cells called melanocytes, responsible for skin color. Non-melanoma basal cell cancer and squamous cell skin cancer is also more commonly seen in men (older) than women. The more exposure you have to the sun or tanning beds, the higher the risk.
  • Hypertension: Risk of high blood pressure increases with age, and is affected by lifestyle (smoking, drinking, sedentary lifestyle) and weight. Hypertension can cause several complications, often without prior warning – like aneurysm, heart attack, stroke, kidney failure, and so on. While these are treatable, they can also be fatal. Moreover, it is prudent to manage your blood pressure at the optimum level so that your risk for further complications is diminished.
  • Cholesterol Levels: high levels of bad or LDL cholesterol causes plaque buildup in arterial walls, increasing your risk of heart disease. Your arteries can continue to harden and narrow for years without symptoms, and cause a heart attack or stroke suddenly. Checking your cholesterol levels once a year is an absolute must.
  • Type 2 Diabetes: Persistent high levels of sugar in your blood can lead to a string of complications affecting multiple organs: stroke, heart disease, kidney failure, blindness, impotence, nerve damage, and so on. Keeping tabs on your sugar levels is important to manage this condition well and avoid complications.
  • HIV: The Human Immunodeficiency Virus causes the deadly disease, AIDS. It spreads from bodily fluids of infected people – saliva, blood, semen – and so on. When these fluids come in contact with the mouth, anus, vagina, or broken skin of another individual, that person may get infected. As yet, there is no cure or vaccine for this utterly debilitating disease. Medication can prevent the HIV from becoming full-fledged AIDS, but they have several side effects.
  • Glaucoma This damages the optic nerve, and can cause blindness. You may lose your vision irreversibly even before you know what is going on. Screening tests search for unusually high pressure within the eyes so that the condition is identified and treated before it can cause much damage.